Sunday, May 1, 2011

The Bond Indemnities to 1697

The settlment papers for Stony Stratford have been transcribed by Eve McLoughlin from the original documents in the Buckinghamshire Archive. They are a useful genealogical tool as they will tell some families exactly when they arrived in Stony Stratford, but they also give us clues about the movement of people in the 17th century and their reasons for doing so.

Most of the men coming into Stony Stratford with their families have specific skills. John Webb is a currier, Evan Jones an Apothecary and Thomas Bishop a Tailor.  Quite a few are illiterate - such a skill was not essential to function effectively in 17th century society.
Some labourers are brought in, presumably to work. Thomas Hewitt, for example, judging by his sponsor, has moved from Wolverton to Stony Stratford to work in one of the inns.
£40 was a significant amount of money to put up. As I have described in an earlier post, £40 was the annual income for the vicar of Holy Trinity, and he would have regarded himself as one of the higher income earners in the district. The men putting up these bonds are generally traders or farmers of some means. It seems that those who come from outside the county were assessed higher. In the case of William Watts (no 19) with a wife and two children the bond was set at a whopping £80. Even the Lord of the Manor, Edward Longueville was required to guarantee a bond of £50 for some labourers he brought in. See Nos. 37 and 38.

It's interesting to see some obsolete professions making their appearance her. A fellmonger was a dealer in hides who possibly had some skills in tanning. A wheelwright manufacture wheels. A victualler was probably an innkeeper. A cordwainer was a shoemaker and the cord winder mentioned here had the same profession. Thomas Robinson (no 22) was a Barber-Surgeon, a reminder of the days when a man with sharp knives and scissors for cutting hair would also be called upon to amputate limbs. A tapster was probably a cellarman who looked after the beer in one of the inns. The pipemaker also takes us back to days, pre machine manufacture, when such things were hand made. I assume that these pipes were made of clay. (not the smoking kind)

Newcomers to parish 1664-1691
BDM Bondsman
SSE Stony Stratford East
SSW Stony Stratford West
X indicates a mark rather than a signature in the original document
Other abbreviations self explanatory

1             RIDGELEY Richard otp  + BDM William RIDGELEY of Newport Pagnell, yeoman  £5 to SS West. 4 Jan 1664/5
2             FINABLE X Robert lab late married to Jane WARRINGTON wid of SSW BDM John X THORPE John X SMITH Bond £20                                     1665 
3             WEBB X John, currier, + w Elizabeth             SS 1665 BDM Richard X TUTCHIN of Denshanger baker + Rlchd HAWKINS of Old Stratford, par Cosgrave NTH. lab. bond £40             ,
4             GEYDON X Michell, wheelwright + BDM Wm GEYDON of Slnglebor + John GEYDON of Thornborow, wheelwrights, bd £40 SS 1 0 Mar 1666  Edward ALEXANDER (witness) of SS has received MG as tenant.
5             KEY X Thomas lab + w + fam SS             5 Apr 1667 BDM Thos X BROWNE + John. X PHILLIPS botp £40
6             WHITLOCK X Richard, tailor, + w + fam of SS             SS 5 Apr 166  BDM Thomas WHITLOCK + Anthony WHITLOCK yeomen of Pa(u)lerspury
7             GOODMAN Wm baker + w + lam             SS West             9 Aug 1677 BDM Wm ADKINS miller & Thos X FORFEIT victualler botp £40
8             JONES Evan, apothecary (or spicer) + fam - £40 BDM Hugh JONES, Richard ELLIS of Ranson (Ravenstone) SS             1677
9             Bond in £40 for £20-12s to Wm POLLARD of Leckhamstead repayable 22             Apr 1681; by CLIFTON X Christopher snr; CLIFTON Christopher jnr;   WILLSON X William; CLARKE Francis; MILLER Matthew; ELLFORD Nicholas; BARNES Adam; FREESE Timothy; PENN Oliver 'feothees' of W side SS 21 Oct 1680
10             BEDFORD X Thomas, matmaker + w + lam of Sherington SS West BDM John BEDFORD lather, cordwinder of SS + Joseph BEDFORD ofNewport Pagnell cord winder Bond £ 10             28 Nov 1682
11             SYMS X Katherine wid + fam SS East             1 5 Jun 1683 BDM Katherine X EVANS wid of W side & Thomas X BOTTERELL als  CLARKE of SS East side. £40
12             HEWITT X Thomas jnr, lab + w + lam of Wolverton SS West BDlv1 Thos X             HEWITT snr lab, Wolverton + Thos GODFREY W Sid Innholder   £40             SS West             7 Jul 1683
13             SMITH Samuel plateworker + w Frances ex Northampton 21 Dec 1683 BDM Marmaduke BALL W Side carryer £50
14             NORMAN Robert, smith, + w + chn             SS West             17 May 1684  BDM Francis NORMAN of Alderton NTH yeo + Henry GARE of Pery Innholder            
15             BENBOW X Samuel pipemaker + w + chn   SS West 4 Nov 1684 BDM Geo BENBOW of Grimscott NTH pipemkr & Wm BENBOW of  Sherington
16             WALKER X Richard, mason. + w + 7 chn ex Hanslope now SS BDM Edward             X PARKINS of Wap(pe)n(h)am NTH cordwainer + John X WALKER of Potterspury, mason  Bond £60             15 Nov 1684
17             BROOKS Samuel  SS East                         11 Sep 1685 BDM James STAIRS + Richard X BROOKS botp £40
18             CLARKE John, tapster + w + fam ex SSEast, to SS West 5 Apr 1686 BDM             Edward JENKINSON SSW innholder + Wm X BEVIN SSW gardiner £40
19             WATTS William, baker + w + 2 chn of SS West             19 Oct 1684 BDM Tho X CROSSE of Brading + John WHITE of Blakisley NTH yeos £80
20             DURRANT X Thomas lab of SS     SS West             10 May 1688  BDM John X IRON MONGER of Silverstone, par Greens Norton NTH husbandman + Edward X DURRANT of Stratford lab
21             BISHOP X Thomas tailor of SSWest             SS West             11 Mar 1688/9  BDM Francis X TRESLOW of SS taylor + Wm MARSHALL of SS East             framework knitter. £40
22             ROBINSON X Thomas, barber surgeon of SSW             SSW 9 Apr 1689  BDM Richard NEWMAN of Heavencutt NTH yeo + Thos HOPKINS of SS -            £40
23             ROBERTS William, lab of SSW             SS             31 May 1689  BDM Edward X PLOWMAN of SS lab + James X TURNER of Beachampton,  grazier £40
24             PERCIVAL sig PERCIFULL Edward barber             SS West        28 Jun 1689 BDM Wm PEARCIFULL of Newport Pagnell barber + Rebecca SMITH of             Newnam NTH wid £40
25             TURNER Thomas, tailor             SS             1 Dec 1689 BDM Wm X FLOWERS SS ossler + Wm HIGGINS of SS cordwainer £40
26             CAR X William lab + w Sarah             of SS             SS 4 Apr 1690 BDM Thos HOPKINS of SS + John X SMITH of Lit Brickhill weaver - £40
27             HAYCOCK X Edward, lab SS . 9 Apr 1690 BDM Matthew WATERS gent +             John WHITMILL miller + Francis COLLMAN tanner all of Buckingham -£40                                     
28             SAXBY X Thomas glover             SS             28 Feb 1690/1 BDM Alice SAXBY wid of SS + Thomas X BENNETT of SS ossler - £40
29             DACKINS X Thomas, cordwainer             SS             4 Mar 1690/1 BDM Richard X DACKINS of Toueseter NTH cordwainer + Samuel EVANS victualler of SS - £40             .                         11 Mar 1690/1
30             BEVIN X James, cordwainer             SS BDM John HEART of SS maltster + John LEACH of SS butcher - £40 -             SS             11 Mar 1690/1
31             HEARTE ( sig HART) John, maltster BDM James X BEVIN cordwainer + John LEACH butcher - £40                        
32             PAINTER John, Chapman ,             SS                         7 Apr 1691 BDM Henry X HILLYER of Wlcking NTH yeo + Richard RENNALLS of SS blacksmith £40                         
33             CHURCH Joshua, fellmonger SS             2 Oct 1691 BDM John CHURCH of Brington yeo + Michael PARROTT of Old Stratford glover - £50           
34             TOWNSEND Daniel, saddler SS             27 Nov 1691 , BDM Thomas LANKESTER sig, LAANCKE butcher + John BUMPOST sig             BUMPAS dyer both of  Buckingham - £50
35             BROWNE Jeremlah, wheelwright             SS             4 Mar 1691/2 BDM Richard CLARKE, sadletree maker + Richard WEST of Hanslope
36             HILL X Danle, cooper + w + chn bond £50 SS west  19 Mar 1691/2 ,             , BDM Wm X OLIVER of Stoke Brewerton NTH lab + Daniel X OLIVER of             Roade lab + Wm X OLIVER of Shutlanger Jnr lab
37            HARRIS Henry             bond £50             SS             26 Mar 1692 BDM Sir Edward LONGUEVILLE Bart of Wolverton (only) £50
38            HARRIS John                         (same guarantor/date) £50 S5             26 Mar 1692

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