A British School was built in 1844 for both boys and girls available for those who were not permitted to attend the Church of England Schools. It was closed as a school in 1907 when a new school was built in Russell Street. The former school building it still evident. The Russell Street School is still in use.
The Church of England built a new school in 1867 on the corner of the Wolverton and London Roads in St Mary's Parish. It was designed by local architect Edgar Swinfen Harris. In the 20th century it was no longer required and became a pub, as it is today, known as The Plough Inn.
Some of the more interesting schools were the private ones that cropped up in the 19th century and there seemed to be at least two on the Market Square. One of them was run by a Mr Joseph Hambling and it seems that the curriculum placed emphasis on social skills, and relegated academic learning to a lesser category of achievement. Mr Hambling styled himself in the census as a Dancing Master and it was his general deportment that caught the sharp eye of one Charles Dickens as he was travelling through Stony Stratford. Here is Dickens' characterization of Mr. Turveydrop in Bleak House, modelled on Stony Stratford's Mr. Hambling.
'He was a fat old gentleman with a false complexion and a wig. He had a fur collar, and a padded breast to his coat, which only wanted a star or a broad blue ribbon to be complete. He was pinched in and swelled out, and got up, and strapped down, as much as he could possibly bear. He had such a neckcloth on that his chin and even his ears sunk into it, that it seemed as though he must inevitably double up if it were cast loose. He had, under his arm, a hat of great size and weight, and in his hand a pair of white gloves, with which he flapped it, as he stood poised on one leg in a high shouldered, round elbowed state of elegance not to be surpassed. He had a cane, he had an eye glass, he had a snuff box, he had rings, he had wristbands, he had everything but any touch of nature; he was not like youth, he was not like age, he was not like anything in the world but a model of Deportment.'