Tuesday, November 23, 2010

Queen Eleanor's Cross

Edward I married Eleanor of Castile in 1254. The marriage by all contemporary accounts was a happy one and she accompanied him everywhere and managed to give birth to 16 children over a period of 30 years. The last born in 1284 became Edward II.

She died at Lincoln on November 28th 1290 and her grieving husband accompanied the funeral cortege from Lincoln to London. The route went from Lincoln, Grantham, Stamford, Geddington, Hardingstone, Stony Stratford, Woburn, Dunstable, St Albans, Waltham. Westcheap in London  and finally Charing, now of course known as Charing Cross. Each of these places was an overnight stop.

Edward ordered that a cross should be erected at each overnight stop. They were originally wooden, but after a few years each was replaced by a stone cross. The Stony Stratford Cross, which was probably on the High Street at the entrance to the town remained there for a few hundred years until it was destroyed during the civil war. The base of the cross remained for some time after and was then removed. Nobody knows when.

The location suggests that they stayed at the nearby inn, probably Grik's Herber.

The Hardingstone Cross (shown above) is one of three survivors. the Stony Stratford Cross was probably similar.

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